Hemi Cardium Pairs   9/27/13

common cockle (Cerastoderma edule) or Hemi Cardium

These are species of edible saltwater clams, a marine bivalve mollusk in the family Cardiidae, the cockles. They are found in waters off Europe, from Iceland in the north, south into waters off western Africa as far south as Senegal. The ribbed oval shells can reach 2 1/2 inches across and are white, yellowish or brown in color. The common cockle is harvested commercially and eaten in much of its range.

Hemi Cardium Pairs are bivalves shells. They have a matching upper and lower connected shell. They are in the shape of a heart. White shell with light violet like specks. They are found across the Indo Pacific region, ranging from the Indian Ocean East to the Northern Australian coast.


One Hemi Cardium Pairs 1 to 1 3/8 inches...... .24

Unido Cardium Pairs   9/27/13

Corculum cardissa, Cardium Unido

Corculum cardissa, the heart cockle, is a species of marine bivalve mollusc in the family Cardiidae. It is found in the Indo-Pacific region. It has a symbiotic relationship with dinoflagellates (zooxanthellae), which live within its tissues.

(REF: Kawaguti, Siro. "Observations on the heart shell, Corculum cardissa (L.), and its associated Zooxanthellae")

The two valves of Corculum cardissa are unequal in size and often asymmetric. Their shape is very variable but viewed from above, the outline is roughly heart shaped which gives the molluscs their common name. Viewed from the side the shape bears a resemblance to the shell of a cockle (Cerastoderma spp.). In some specimens the posterior valve is nearly flat or has a slight hump. In others it is more rounded.

The boundary of the valves is usually flat but is sometimes somewhat sinuous. Smaller shells tend to be elongated; larger shells are more rounded and the growth rings can be seen clearly. The shell is thin and translucent, particularly the upper side. There is an intricate mosaic pattern of more and less transparent white regions. The lower valve has a mainly white surface with a few transparent regions. The gills and mantle, especially the lower siphon, are dark brown owing to the presence of microscopic algae. The outer surface of the mantle also contains granules of reddish, purple and blue pigment.

Corculum cardissa is often found lying on a surface of sand among coral debris and broken shells. It usually lies horizontally in a hollow it excavates and its top is often covered with filamentous algae and muddy deposits.

Corculum cardissa is a filter feeder. The shell gapes slightly at the ventral end and two siphons are protruded. Water is drawn in through one and expelled through the other and plankton and detritus are extracted. At the same time, water passes over the gills where oxygen is absorbed.

Corculum cardissas are hermaphrodite. Eggs are laid and the larvae develop with great rapidity. Within 24 hours of fertilisation, the veliger larvae have been observed to develop two valves and be swimming on the surface of the substrate. A day later, they had undergone metamorphosis and had settled on the bottom as juveniles, miniature versions of the adult bivalves.

(REF: Kawaguti, Siro. "Observations on the heart shell, Corculum cardissa (L.), and its associated Zooxanthellae")

Corculum cardissa and some other members of the family Cardiidae live in symbiosis with dinoflagellates in the genus Symbiodinium. These are found in the mantle, gills and the liver. It was originally thought that the photosynthetic algae were in the haemocoel, the fluid between the cells. It has since been found however that, in response to the presence of Symbiodinium, a tertiary series of tubules develop from the walls of the digestive system and ramify through the tissues. The algae are found in these and are separated from the blood cells in the haemolymph by a layer one cell thick. This is analogous to the tertiary tubular system found in Tridacna and first described by Mansour in 1946, but subsequently overlooked by other researchers. The algae enter the system through the mouth. The translucent shell and the bivalve's habit of lying on the surface both encourage photosynthesis in the algae. The mollusc benefits from the metabolites produced and the alga benefits from a safe environment in which to live

(REF: Farmer, MA; Fitt, WK; Trench, RK (2001). "Morphology of the Symbiosis Between Corculum cardissa (Mollusca: Bivalvia) and Symbiodinium corculorum (Dinophyceae)". Biological Bulletin. 200 (REF: Mansour, K (1946). "Source and fate of the zooxanthellae of the visceral mass of Tridacna elongata". Nature. 158 (4004) )

Scientific classification

Domain: Eukaryota

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Mollusca

Class: Bivalvia

Order: Cardiida

Family: Cardiidae

Genus: Corculum

Species: C. cardissa

Binomial name: Corculum cardissa

(Linnaeus, 1758)

(REF: Corculum cardissa (Linnaeus, 1758) World Register of Marine Species)


One Cardium Unido Pair 1 to 1 3/8 inches...... .29


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